Electrolytes are minerals in bodily fluid, including the blood. They separate in this fluid and become electrically charged elements called ions, which can conduct electric currents. Ions are either positively or negatively charged. Electrolyte balance is vital to many bodily functions.[1,4]
Electrolytes in the body include:
- Sodium: Sodium is a positive ion residing in fluid outside the cells. It is the body's water regulator. Electrical signals required for proper function of and communication among the brain, nervous system, and muscles are produced by sodium's cellular movement. Cells can malfunction due to an imbalance of sodium, and an individual can die if there's a sodium imbalance in the blood.
- Potassium: Potassium isa positive ion residing in fluid inside the cells.It controls the heartbeat, muscle function, and other processes. A potassium imbalance can harm the nervous system and increase your risk of developing an irregular heartbeat.
- Chloride: Chloride is a negative ion residing in fluid outside the cells and in the blood. It helps regulate bodily fluids — keeping them balanced. A chloride imbalance can cause serious health problems, or even death.
- Bicarbonate: Bicarbonate is a negative ion that has a hand in maintaining the body's acid-base balance. It is produced in the pancreas. Signs of imbalance include weakness, muscle spasms, and changes in blood pressure.
Other positive ions are calcium and magnesium. Phosphate and sulfate are negative ions.
- Tomato products
- Table salt
- Dill pickles
- Table salt
- Plain yogurt
- Potatoes (with skin)
- Pumpkin seeds
- Dairy products
- Leafy greens (spinach, kale, and collard greens)
- Milk products
Electrolytes help to maintain your body's fluid levels during exercise as well as downtime. The main way of losing electrolytes is through sweat. The rate of sweat loss depends on:
- How long you exercise
- How hard you exercise
- Clothing you wear during exercise
- Your body composition
- The exercise environment
Avoid starting a workout when you're dehydrated or thirsty. The color of your urine can tell you if you're dehydrated. If it's light yellow, you're good to go. If you move to a hot climate, you might sweat more, but as you get used to the temperatures, you'll be better able to reserve sodium and chloride, so you won't lose so many electrolytes.
Salty sweaters should eat a small salty snack or drink before exercise, but consuming salt before workouts isn't generally recommended. For exercise lasting about 60 to 90 minutes, sports drinks with carbohydrates and electrolytes are recommended. Endurance-specific sports drinks with more electrolytes are recommended for salty sweaters and individuals exercising for more than two to three hours. Following a heavy workout, grab some sodium-rich mixed nuts, pickles, crackers, sports bar or drink.
Electrolyte balance is aided by the kidneys, which filter electrolytes from the blood. If an imbalance occurs, the culprit is usually one of the following:
- Disorders (kidney, heart, liver and others)
- Diuretics, antibiotics, corticosteroids and chemotherapy medications
- Low electrolyte-rich food intake
- Loss of fluid during illness due to vomiting, sweating, diarrhea, or high fever
To find out if you have an electrolyte imbalance, talk to your doctor. A physical exam, urine, and blood tests will provide some answers.Treatment may include IV fluids or altering your diet.
Signs and symptoms of electrolyte imbalance
Symptoms depend upon what electrolyte is off kilter.
- Muscle spasms, twitching, convulsions, and weakness stem from potassium, magnesium, sodium, and calcium imbalance.
- Irregular heartbeat, changes in blood pressure, confusion, and disorders of the bone or nervous system stem from an overall low level of electrolytes.
- Muscle weakness or twitching, fatigue, irregular heartbeat, changes in blood pressure, and numbness stem from high levels of electrolytes.
- "Electrolytes;" MedicineNet.com
- The Merck Manual Home Health Handbook for Parents & Caregivers; "Electrolytes;" Reviewed July 2013
- U.S. National Library of Medicine; "Electrolytes;" Updated September 2011
- The Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative; Chemocare.com; "Electrolyte Imbalance"
- Shawn H. Dolan, PhD; ACE Fitness; "Electrolytes: Understanding Replacement Options"
Electrolyte News on PricePlow
Jun 27, 2020 YouTube Video
BLESS YOUR HEART IT'S SWEET TEA CARBS! NutraBio Super Carb Sweet Tea Review
May 15, 2020 Blog Post
NutraBio Super Carb Now Comes In Refreshing Sweet Tea
NutraBio keeps the flavors coming and this time they have something special for Super Carb fans! Sweet Tea Super Carb has arrived and it's refreshing!
Apr 05, 2020 Product News
Myprotein Electrolyte Plus was created.
Apr 01, 2020 YouTube Video
Kaged Muscle's Best Flavor of HydraCharge? | Hydra Charge Pink Lemonade
Mar 31, 2020 Blog Post
Kaged Muscle Pre-Kaged: Kris Gethin’s Monster Pre Workout Gets an Update! (2020)
Pre-Kaged launched in 2015, and since then it has received countless rave reviews, along with several awards. So can Pre-Kaged really get any better?
Mar 29, 2020 Product News
The Genius Brand Genius Electrolytes has new variations: Electrolytes
Mar 26, 2020 Blog Post
Kaged Muscle Hydra-Charge Now Hydrates in Pink Lemonade
Kaged Muscle's Hydra-Charge now comes in PINK LEMONADE flavor. Read the INSANE origins of this flavor, and what makes Hydra-Charge so incredible!
Mar 14, 2020 Product News
Trace Minerals Electrolyte Stamina Power Pak has new variations: Electrolytes
Mar 13, 2020 Product News
Kaged Muscle Hydra-Charge has new variations: Electrolytes
Mar 13, 2020 Blog Post
NutraBio Intra Blast New York Punch – The BEST Flavor – Goes Worldwide!
New York Punch Intra Blast was originally exclusive to Natural Body Inc, but this flavor was just TOO GOOD to keep from the rest of the world!
Mar 11, 2020 Blog Post
Hosstile Supplements: Fouad Abiad’s Relentless Takeover is Here
The time is now, Hosstile Supplements from IFBB Pro Bodybuilider Fouad Abiad is ready for launch. Check out all the products they have releasing!
Mar 10, 2020 Blog Post
Myprotein THE EAAs: Hydrate, Recover, and Refuel
Myprotein recently came out with The Pro Range, and Myprotein's The EAAs formula brings power AND a great price! Read more to see what it's all about!
Mar 05, 2020 Product News
Ladder Hydration was created.
Feb 23, 2020 Product News
Trace Minerals Electrolyte Stamina Power Pak has new variations: Electrolytes
Jan 31, 2020 Blog Post
Recover Faster with MFIT Supps’ Recoup: Hemp-Based Post Workout!
MFIT SUPPS released one of the first hemp-based post workout formulas on the market, RECOUP! See how combining hemp, aminos, and Velositol can work!
Jan 21, 2020 Blog Post
Glaxon SPECIMEN: A Pre-Workout Formulated For All The Stim Junkies Out There
Glaxon's Specimen is a pre workout all about the stims! It provides you with enough energy and focus to tackle the most difficult training sessions!
Jan 19, 2020 Product News
NOW Effer-Energy was created.
Jan 16, 2020 Blog Post
Modern BCAA is BACK: The Formula, The Flavors, The LEGACY
Modern BCAA+ has made its return, and it's no fluke! Some of the team from USPLabs got the band back together and are re-launching this cult hit!
Jan 08, 2020 Product News
MuscleSport Highly Branch Cyclic Dextrin has new variations: Electrolytes
Jan 08, 2020 Product News
Thorne Research Catalyte has new variations: Electrolytes
Jan 06, 2020 Product News
MuscleSport Highly Branch Cyclic Dextrin was created.
Jan 06, 2020 Product News
Ketologic Keto Electrolyte has new variations: Electrolytes, Keto Diet Supplements
Jan 05, 2020 Product News
Ketologic Keto Electrolyte was created.
Categories: Electrolytes, Keto Diet Supplements
Dec 31, 2019 YouTube Video
This product Saved Mike's Life! | Kaged Muscle Hydra Charge
Dec 31, 2019 Blog Post
Kaged Muscle Hydra-Charge: Hydration or Flavor System? How about BOTH!
Kaged Muscle's Hydra-Charge is a well-known electrolyte system with added endurance and antioxidant effects, but did you know it started as a FLAVOR?!
Dec 09, 2019 Product News
Trace Minerals Electrolyte Stamina Power Pak has new variations:
- 30 Packets - Acai Berry
- 30 Packets - Cherry Lime
- 30 Packets - Guava Passion Fruit
- 30 Packets - Lemon Lime
- 30 Packets - Mixed Berry
- 30 Packets - Orange Blast
- 30 Packets - Raspberry
- 30 Packets - Tangerine
Dec 08, 2019 Product News
GU Electrolyte Brew has new variations: Electrolytes
Dec 06, 2019 Blog Post
Nutrex Research VoluGro: Post-Workout Nutrition Gets Back to the Basics
Nutrex Volu-Gro has made a return! The post-workout supplement is keeping things simple: dextrose, creatine monohydrate, and electrolytes!
Nov 22, 2019 Product News
Jacked Factory HYDRASURGE Electrolytes has new variations: Electrolytes
Sep 30, 2019 Blog Post
Alpha Lion GAIN-O-RADE: Aminos and Hydration for Gains!
Formerly known as Unicorn, GAIN-O-RADE is a revitalized, full-fledged essential amino acid supplement plus hydration sports drink from Alpha Lion!
Aug 29, 2019 Blog Post
The Kaged Muscle PIP Stack – Pre/Intra/Post Workout Obliteration!
Kaged Muscle's PIP Stack takes three mainstream formulas - Pre-Kaged, Intra-Kaged, and Re-Kaged - and combines them to form a powerful workout stack!
Jul 28, 2019 Product News
EVLution Nutrition Hydramino was created.
Jul 10, 2019 Product News
U.S. Wellness Meats Complete Body Nutrients was created.
Jul 02, 2019 Blog Post
Cutler Nutrition Prevail / Amplify Pre Workout Stack – For Legends Only!
Jay Cutler's pre workout stack has evolved over the years, and now he's stacking PREVAIL with AMPLIFY to get LEGEND status pumps and energy!
Jun 24, 2019 Blog Post
Ghost Amino V2 Improves the EAA Innovation for Ghostly Gains!
Ghost Amino V2 is the full-spectrum essential amino acid supplement from Ghost Lifestyle with MONSTER doses and huge flavors. Save 20% with PRICEPLOW!
Jun 20, 2019 Product News
EndurElite ElectroElite was created.
May 01, 2019 Blog Post
Axe & Sledge THE GRIND: Seth Feroce’s Ammonia-Annihiliating Aminos
Axe & Sledge THE GRIND is Seth Feroce's amino acid supplement with added fatigue killers so that the hardest workers in the gym can train all day!
Apr 16, 2019 Blog Post
Kaged Muscle Amino Synergy Introduces Peach Tea & Orange: Knockout Flavors!
Kaged Muscle's Amino Synergy new flavors -- Peach Tea and Orange -- are out, and they're out of this world (especially Peach Tea)! See em on PricePlow
Apr 05, 2019 Product News
Trace Minerals Utah Sea Minerals was created.
Mar 11, 2019 Blog Post
Primeval Labs Intracell 7 Black Re-Ups Workout Performance
Primeval Labs Intracell 7 Black is the latest upgrade to the carb-based, performance-enhancing intra workout supplement with full EAAs and pumps too!
Feb 28, 2019 Product News
GU Roctane Electrolyte Capsules was created.
Feb 28, 2019 YouTube Video
Kaged Muscle Hydra-Charge: Orange Mango vs. Apple Limeade
Feb 25, 2019 Blog Post
NutraBio EAA Natural: Essential Amino Acids without Sucralose!
NutraBio EAA Natural is an essential amino acid supplement that is sucralose-free, using the same base BCAA/EAA blend as EAA Energy and Alpha EAA!
Feb 15, 2019 Blog Post
NutraBio Alpha EAA: Nootropic-Powered Amino Workout Supplement
NutraBio Alpha EAA is an intra workout essential amino acid supplement with added nootropics and adaptogens for a performance and cognitive boost!
Dec 14, 2018 Blog Post
Xtend Elite Features 2g PeakO2 with New Research!
Xtend Elite is the PeakO2-powered successor to Scivation Xtend Perform, which is an intra workout supplement with a serious endurance-boosting blend!
Dec 03, 2018 Product News
New Whey NuAquos Protein RTD was created.
Oct 17, 2018 Blog Post
Vegun Nutrition’s VeganMass: A Vegan Athlete’s Dream Come True
Vegun Nutrition's VeganMass is an extremely well-formulated vegan weight gainer / meal replacement that checks a TON of vegan boxes to benefit vegans!
Sep 19, 2018 Blog Post
Optimum Nutrition’s AmiNO Energy Carbonated RTD Enters the Fray
Optimum Nutrition has joined the ranks in the RTD arena with their new carbonated energy drink AmiN.O. Energy!
Sep 17, 2018 Product News
Thorne Research Catalyte was created.
Sep 10, 2018 Blog Post
NutraBio EAA Energy Unveiled: A New Bar Set for Amino Energy Supplements
NutraBio’s long-awaited take on the Amino Energy category is here, and EAA Energy is exactly what you’d expect from the uncompromising brand: massive.
Sep 04, 2018 Product News
The Genius Brand Genius Electrolytes was created.
Aug 15, 2018 Blog Post
Kaged Muscle Amino Synergy: A Healthier EAA Blend (Energy Optional!)
Amino Synergy: Kaged Muscle have dropped a "healthier" EAA product, and it comes with ENERGY! Does Kris Gethin's latest live up to its claims?
Aug 11, 2018 Product News
Clif Hydration Electrolyte Drink Mix was created.
Aug 01, 2018 Blog Post
Performax Labs EAminoMax: The EAA Performance Sports Drink
Performax Labs EAminoMax is a complete essential amino acid performance sports drink with a few bonus goodies that serious doses to keep you active!
May 30, 2018 YouTube Video
Natural Vegan ELECTROLYTES Sports Drink by Ground Based Nutrition
Mar 29, 2018 Blog Post
Cellucor Alpha Amino Ultimate adds HMB to Your Sports Drink
Cellucor Alpha Amino Ultimate is a unique intra workout / BCAA supplement that has Vitamin D and HMB added. Is Vitamin D status what HMB really needs?
Mar 27, 2018 Blog Post
NutraBio Natural Series Intra Blast: The Best EAA Gets Better
NutraBio's Natural Series Intra Blast is here, and just wait until you taste the sweet tea flavor! We make the argument that it's BETTER than the OG!
Feb 27, 2018 Blog Post
RedCon1 MRE Bar: Low-Dairy Protein Bar Stuns the Masses
RedCon1 MRE Bars are finally here, and they're everything the market wanted in a meal replacement bar. Just nobody realized it yet. Learn why here.
Feb 22, 2018 Blog Post
NutraBio PRE Extreme V5: A Serious Carb-Enhanced Pre Workout
NutraBio PRE Extreme is a masterful pre workout supplement with 15g high-quality carbs, 350mg caffeine, and a huge open formula from the heavens!
Jan 14, 2018 Blog Post
Muscle Elements Post Pro: Post-Workout Recovery in a Hurry
Muscle Elements Post Pro is a serious post workout supplement from ME featuring 25g dextrose, 20g whey protein, and a full 5g of creatine! Build up!
Oct 18, 2017 Blog Post
Sparta Nutrition Kraken PUMP — Release the Pre Workout Pumps!
Release the Pumps! Sparta Nutrition is bringing some truly monstrous pumps with the release of its stimulant-free pre workout supplement Kraken Pump.
Oct 15, 2017 Blog Post
Keto Connect Podcast with Mike from PricePlow: Supplements for Keto | #4
Need guidance about supplements for keto dieters? Check out Mike's 2017 Keto Connect podcast interview on "Keto for Normies" with Matt & Megha!
Oct 09, 2017 Blog Post
Adaptogen Science Intra Amino Sport: Athletic Hydration
Intra Amino Sport from Adaptogen Science is an intra workout supplement that supports endurance, stamina, and hydration.
Sep 20, 2017 Blog Post
VMI Sports Aminogex Ultra — Not Your Standard BCAA
VMI Sports is on a rampage and leading the charge is their new amino acid / electrolyte supplement Aminogex Ultra featuring 7g of InstAminos.
Jul 11, 2017 Blog Post
Apollon Nutrition Cluster Bomb: The ORIGINAL Cluster Carb
Apollon Nutrition Cluster Bomb is a straightforward carbohydrate and electrolyte replenishment formula featuring Highly Branched Cyclic Dextrin (HBCD)
Jul 06, 2017 Blog Post
Mind Muscle Nutrition Hydra Focus: Intra Keeps Your Concentration
MInd Muscle Nutrition Hydra Focus is a novel spin on the conventional intra workout that enhances pumps and focus alongside hydration and performance.
Jun 28, 2017 Blog Post
Dymatize Pre W.O. — A Mainstream Pre Workout that DELIVERS!
Dymatize Pre W.O. is a clinically dosed pre workout featuring 125mg of TeaCrine! Dymatize is back and in a serious way, Pre W.O. is loaded!
Jun 22, 2017 Blog Post
RedCon1 BREACH: Combat-Ready BCAA Supplement
RedCon1 Breach is a combat-ready BCAA and hydration support intra workout supplement in Breach, with several amazing-sounding flavors!
Apr 11, 2017 Blog Post
MaxQ Nutrition Intra-Workout: Loaded Intra with 10g BCAA!
MaxQ Nutrition is back on the attack with a monstrously dosed Intra-Workout that's a true performance enhancer while training.
Mar 20, 2017 Blog Post
EVL RecoverMode – Enhanced Recovery
EVL RecoverMode is a beasty post workout and recovery supplement that packs in 10 different ingredients to crush soreness and support muscle growth.
Feb 19, 2017 YouTube Video
Kaged Muscle BCAA + Hydra-Charge Review / Demo
Dec 02, 2016 Blog Post
Xtend GO – Scivation Overtakes the BCAA Energy Game
Is Scivation Xtend Go coming to market? We noticed that Scivation has a new trademark, but what doe it mean? Amino Energy? Amino RTD? Find out soon..
Oct 26, 2016 Blog Post
Cellucor Alpha Amino: New 2016 Formula Unveiled
Cellucor Alpha Amino has upgraded its best selling amino supplement for 2016; HydroMax is gone, Betaine is IN, and the BCAAs are transparently dosed!
Sep 27, 2016 Blog Post
Northbound Nutrition BCAA2: Heavy-Dosed Aminos for the Win
Northbound Nutrition BCAA2 is an incredibly well dosed intra workout that supplied 8g of BCAAs as well as hydration and focus-boosting agents.
Aug 29, 2016 Blog Post
AML Pre Workout: A True Muscular Development Style Pre
Advanced Molecular Labs Pre Workout is a true beast of a pre workout that uses clinical doses of staple ergogenics powered by 400mg of pure caffeine.
Aug 15, 2016 Blog Post
Elemetx EliteAmine: The Post-Workout BCAAs of Canada
Elemetx EliteAmine is a naturally flavored post-workout BCAA supplement from the Canadian brand Elemetx that includes HICA and no artificial colors!
May 13, 2016 Blog Post
The Beverage Hydration Index – Is Water the Best?
A new study has created a Beverage Hydration Index (BHI) showcasing the hydrating capability of 13 everyday fluids. Image courtesy Pixabay.
May 04, 2016 Blog Post
Transparent Labs BCAA Glutamine Natural Aminos!
Transparent Labs BCAA+Glutamine from their Core Series is a naturally sweetened BCAA supplement that helps improve recovery and hydration.
Apr 06, 2016 Blog Post
Olympus Labs ENDUR3 (Discontinued, Get it Before it’s Too Late)
Endur3 and Endur3+ are Olympus Labs latest BCAA / Amino Acid Supplements that are loaded, and bring some surprises. Endur3+ has carbs from Carb10 too!
Feb 05, 2016 Blog Post
Scivation Xtend Perform: BCAAs for ATHLETES!
Scivation Xtend Perform is a new BCAA Supplement for athletes - it contains PeakO2, a new ingredient that can raise VO2 levels for all kinds of gains!
Jan 21, 2016 Blog Post
Muscle Elements PreCre XS: Energy Upgraded!
Muscle Elements PreCre XS pre workout contains 419mg total caffeine in addition to yohimbine making for one seriously high stim pre workout!
Dec 21, 2015 Blog Post
NutraBio Intra Blast: Premium Workout Fuel Beyond BCAAs
Intra Blast is a fully loaded BCAA / EAA drink from NutraBio that not only enhances your performance but also speeds recovery. Orange Mango is great!
Dec 03, 2015 Blog Post
Scivation Xtend Free – All Natural BCAAs
Scivation has released an all new version of Xtend, named Xtend Free, that contains no artificial sweeteners or dyes but still packs 7g of BCAAs.
Oct 22, 2015 Blog Post
MuscleTech Amino Build Next Gen Energized: 4g BCAA, 50mg Caffeine
MuscleTech Amino Build Next Gen Energized gives the company a foothold in the growing energy amino market. 50mg caffeine, 4g BCAAs, and more!
Aug 10, 2015 Blog Post
Muscle Elements AmiNO Flow: THE Weight Lifter’s BCAA
Muscle Elements AmiNO Flow is the first truly effective Amino-Oxide supplement that provides BCAAs and Nitric Oxide boosting ingredients.
May 12, 2015 Blog Post
Rich Piana ALL DAY YOU MAY – The 5% Workout Enhancer
Rich Piana's ALL DAY YOU MAY is a post workout supplement that provides joint support and has a few different ingredients. But is it different ENOUGH?
Feb 18, 2015 Blog Post
Rich Piana 5% KILL IT Pre Workout – Does it Kill?
Rich Piana's KILL IT Pre Workout Supplement from 5% Nutrition looks to have some decent energy and pumps, but there's some confusion to figure out..
Sign up for future Electrolyte news!
Click the button below to sign up for future Electrolyte news, deals, coupons, and reviews!
Electrolyte Reviews & Videos
Feb 19, 2017Kaged Muscle BCAA + Hydra-Charge Review / Demo
Subscribe for more Electrolyte news and alerts!