Electrolytes are minerals in bodily fluid, including the blood. They separate in this fluid and become electrically charged elements called ions, which can conduct electric currents. Ions are either positively or negatively charged. Electrolyte balance is vital to many bodily functions.[1,4]
Electrolytes in the body include:
- Sodium: Sodium is a positive ion residing in fluid outside the cells. It is the body's water regulator. Electrical signals required for proper function of and communication among the brain, nervous system, and muscles are produced by sodium's cellular movement. Cells can malfunction due to an imbalance of sodium, and an individual can die if there's a sodium imbalance in the blood.
- Potassium: Potassium isa positive ion residing in fluid inside the cells.It controls the heartbeat, muscle function, and other processes. A potassium imbalance can harm the nervous system and increase your risk of developing an irregular heartbeat.
- Chloride: Chloride is a negative ion residing in fluid outside the cells and in the blood. It helps regulate bodily fluids — keeping them balanced. A chloride imbalance can cause serious health problems, or even death.
- Bicarbonate: Bicarbonate is a negative ion that has a hand in maintaining the body's acid-base balance. It is produced in the pancreas. Signs of imbalance include weakness, muscle spasms, and changes in blood pressure.
Other positive ions are calcium and magnesium. Phosphate and sulfate are negative ions.
- Tomato products
- Table salt
- Dill pickles
- Table salt
- Plain yogurt
- Potatoes (with skin)
- Pumpkin seeds
- Dairy products
- Leafy greens (spinach, kale, and collard greens)
- Milk products
Electrolytes help to maintain your body's fluid levels during exercise as well as downtime. The main way of losing electrolytes is through sweat. The rate of sweat loss depends on:
- How long you exercise
- How hard you exercise
- Clothing you wear during exercise
- Your body composition
- The exercise environment
Avoid starting a workout when you're dehydrated or thirsty. The color of your urine can tell you if you're dehydrated. If it's light yellow, you're good to go. If you move to a hot climate, you might sweat more, but as you get used to the temperatures, you'll be better able to reserve sodium and chloride, so you won't lose so many electrolytes.
Salty sweaters should eat a small salty snack or drink before exercise, but consuming salt before workouts isn't generally recommended. For exercise lasting about 60 to 90 minutes, sports drinks with carbohydrates and electrolytes are recommended. Endurance-specific sports drinks with more electrolytes are recommended for salty sweaters and individuals exercising for more than two to three hours. Following a heavy workout, grab some sodium-rich mixed nuts, pickles, crackers, sports bar or drink.
Electrolyte balance is aided by the kidneys, which filter electrolytes from the blood. If an imbalance occurs, the culprit is usually one of the following:
- Disorders (kidney, heart, liver and others)
- Diuretics, antibiotics, corticosteroids and chemotherapy medications
- Low electrolyte-rich food intake
- Loss of fluid during illness due to vomiting, sweating, diarrhea, or high fever
To find out if you have an electrolyte imbalance, talk to your doctor. A physical exam, urine, and blood tests will provide some answers.Treatment may include IV fluids or altering your diet.
Signs and symptoms of electrolyte imbalance
Symptoms depend upon what electrolyte is off kilter.
- Muscle spasms, twitching, convulsions, and weakness stem from potassium, magnesium, sodium, and calcium imbalance.
- Irregular heartbeat, changes in blood pressure, confusion, and disorders of the bone or nervous system stem from an overall low level of electrolytes.
- Muscle weakness or twitching, fatigue, irregular heartbeat, changes in blood pressure, and numbness stem from high levels of electrolytes.
- "Electrolytes;" MedicineNet.com
- The Merck Manual Home Health Handbook for Parents & Caregivers; "Electrolytes;" Reviewed July 2013
- U.S. National Library of Medicine; "Electrolytes;" Updated September 2011
- The Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative; Chemocare.com; "Electrolyte Imbalance"
- Shawn H. Dolan, PhD; ACE Fitness; "Electrolytes: Understanding Replacement Options"
Electrolytes News on PricePlow
Dec 03, 2018 Product News:
New Whey NuAquos Protein RTD was created.
Oct 17, 2018 Blog Post:
Vegun Nutrition’s VeganMass: A Vegan Athlete’s Dream Come True
Vegun Nutrition's VeganMass is an extremely well-formulated vegan weight gainer / meal replacement that checks a TON of vegan boxes to benefit vegans!
Sep 25, 2018 Product News:
Taste Nirvana Coconut Water has new variations: Coconut Water
Sep 19, 2018 Blog Post:
Optimum Nutrition’s AmiNO Energy Carbonated RTD Enters the Fray
Optimum Nutrition has joined the ranks in the RTD arena with their new carbonated energy drink AmiN.O. Energy!
Sep 17, 2018 Product News:
Thorne Research Catalyte was created.
Sep 10, 2018 Blog Post:
NutraBio EAA Energy Unveiled: A New Bar Set for Amino Energy Supplements
NutraBio’s long-awaited take on the Amino Energy category is here, and EAA Energy is exactly what you’d expect from the uncompromising brand: massive.
Sep 06, 2018 Blog Post:
Join Team NutraBio at the 2018 Mr. Olympia and Try their New Supplements!
NutraBio has a huge event brewing the Friday night of the 2018 Mr. Olympia! Try their new supplement at the City Athletic Club in Las Vegas!
Sep 04, 2018 Product News:
The Genius Brand Genius Electrolytes was created.
Aug 15, 2018 Blog Post:
Kaged Muscle Amino Synergy: A Healthier EAA Blend (Energy Optional!)
Amino Synergy: Kaged Muscle have dropped a "healthier" EAA product, and it comes with ENERGY! Does Kris Gethin's latest live up to its claims?
Aug 13, 2018 Product News:
Kaged Muscle Hydra-Charge has new variations: Electrolytes
Aug 11, 2018 Product News:
Clif Hydration Electrolyte Drink Mix was created.
Aug 08, 2018 Product News:
Vita Coco Coconut Water has new variations: Coconut Water
Aug 01, 2018 Blog Post:
Performax Labs EAminoMax: The EAA Performance Sports Drink
Performax Labs EAminoMax is a complete essential amino acid performance sports drink with a few bonus goodies that serious doses to keep you active!
Jun 11, 2018 Product News:
Jacked Factory HYDRASURGE Electrolytes was created.
May 30, 2018 YouTube Video:
Natural Vegan ELECTROLYTES Sports Drink by Ground Based Nutrition
May 30, 2018 Product News:
Ground-Based Nutrition Organic Electrolytes was created.
Apr 04, 2018 Product News:
Blue Monkey Coconut Water has new variations: Coconut Water
Mar 29, 2018 Blog Post:
Cellucor Alpha Amino Ultimate adds HMB to Your Sports Drink
Cellucor Alpha Amino Ultimate is a unique intra workout / BCAA supplement that has Vitamin D and HMB added. Is Vitamin D status what HMB really needs?
Mar 27, 2018 Blog Post:
NutraBio Natural Series Intra Blast: The Best EAA Gets Better
NutraBio's Natural Series Intra Blast is here, and just wait until you taste the sweet tea flavor! We make the argument that it's BETTER than the OG!
Mar 23, 2018 Product News:
Onnit Mineral Electrolytes was created.
Mar 21, 2018 Product News:
Blue Monkey Coconut Water has new variations: Coconut Water
Feb 27, 2018 Blog Post:
RedCon1 MRE Bar is Everything You Wanted But Didn’t Know It Yet
RedCon1 MRE Bars are finally here, and they're everything the market wanted in a meal replacement bar. Just nobody realized it yet. Learn why here.
Feb 24, 2018 Product News:
Infinite Labs Electrolyte Complex was created.
Feb 22, 2018 Blog Post:
NutraBio PRE Extreme V5: A Serious Carb-Enhanced Pre Workout
NutraBio PRE Extreme is a masterful pre workout supplement with 15g high-quality carbs, 350mg caffeine, and a huge open formula from the heavens!
Jan 22, 2018 Product News:
NF Sports Hydrate was created.
Jan 22, 2018 Blog Post:
Muscle Elements Post Pro Review: America Pop Flavor!
Robert and CJ review the America Pop flavor of Muscle Elements monstrous post workout recovery and muscle-building supplement Post Pro
Jan 19, 2018 Product News:
Xendurance Extreme Hydro-X was created.
Jan 16, 2018 Product News:
Vita Coco Coconut Water has new variations: Coconut Water
Jan 15, 2018 Product News:
Gnarly Nutrition Gnarly Hydrate was created.
Jan 14, 2018 Blog Post:
Muscle Elements Post Pro: Post-Workout Recovery in a Hurry
Muscle Elements Post Pro is a serious post workout supplement from ME featuring 25g dextrose, 20g whey protein, and a full 5g of creatine! Build up!
Jan 01, 2018 Blog Post:
The Other Salt: Potassium and Keto Diet
Potassium intake is almost always the biggest problem keto dieters face. Read this one stop guide for ALL you need to know about potassium and keto.
Dec 12, 2017 Product News:
IDLife Hydrate was created.
Oct 26, 2017 Product News:
MTS Nutrition NaturaLyte was created.
Oct 18, 2017 Blog Post:
Sparta Nutrition Kraken PUMP — Release the Pre Workout Pumps!
Release the Pumps! Sparta Nutrition is bringing some truly monstrous pumps with the release of its stimulant-free pre workout supplement Kraken Pump.
Oct 15, 2017 Blog Post:
Keto Connect Podcast with Mike from PricePlow: Supplements for Keto | #4
Need guidance about supplements for keto dieters? Check out Mike's 2017 Keto Connect podcast interview on "Keto for Normies" with Matt & Megha!
Oct 09, 2017 Blog Post:
Adaptogen Science Intra Amino Sport: Athletic Hydration
Intra Amino Sport from Adaptogen Science is an intra workout supplement that supports endurance, stamina, and hydration.
Sep 23, 2017 Product News:
Keto Vitals High-Dose Electrolytes was created.
Sep 20, 2017 Blog Post:
VMI Sports Aminogex Ultra — Not Your Standard BCAA
VMI Sports is on a rampage and leading the charge is their new amino acid / electrolyte supplement Aminogex Ultra featuring 7g of InstAminos.
Aug 23, 2017 Product News:
Twinlab Liquid Potassium + Magnesium was created.
Aug 09, 2017 YouTube Video:
Gold Star Performance BCAA 2:1:1 - Cherry Bomb Review
Jul 25, 2017 YouTube Video:
MPA Supps Pharmgrade Review: Where'd the Flavor Go?
Jul 11, 2017 Blog Post:
Apollon Nutrition Cluster Bomb – A Carbohydration Supplement
Apollon Nutrition Cluster Bomb is a straightforward carbohydrate and electrolyte replenishment formula featuring Highly Branched Cyclic Dextrin (HBCD)
Jul 06, 2017 Blog Post:
Mind Muscle Nutrition Hydra Focus: Intra Keeps Your Concentration
MInd Muscle Nutrition Hydra Focus is a novel spin on the conventional intra workout that enhances pumps and focus alongside hydration and performance.
Jun 29, 2017 Blog Post:
Performax PowerMax XT: Clinical Gains Now During Your Workout
Performax Labs has tweaked its daily muscle builder PowerMax XT to be a more comprehensive intra workout supplement.
Jun 28, 2017 Blog Post:
Dymatize Pre W.O. — A Mainstream Pre Workout that DELIVERS!
Dymatize Pre W.O. is a clinically dosed pre workout featuring 125mg of TeaCrine! Dymatize is back and in a serious way, Pre W.O. is loaded!
Jun 22, 2017 Blog Post:
RedCon1 BREACH: Combat-Ready Aminos
RedCon1 Breach is a combat-ready BCAA and hydration support intra workout supplement in Breach, with several amazing-sounding flavors!
May 22, 2017 Blog Post:
MPA Supps Pharmgrade: Matt Porter Annihilates the BCAA Category
Matt Porter and MPA Supps aren't playing any games, PharmGrade is a serious amino acid / intra workout supplement for only the most intense lifters.
Apr 11, 2017 Blog Post:
MaxQ Nutrition Intra-Workout: Loaded Intra with 10g BCAA!
MaxQ Nutrition is back on the attack with a monstrously dosed Intra-Workout that's a true performance enhancer while training.
Mar 20, 2017 Product News:
Orgain Organic Hydration Powder was created.
Mar 20, 2017 Blog Post:
EVL RecoverMode – Enhanced Recovery
EVL RecoverMode is a beasty post workout and recovery supplement that packs in 10 different ingredients to crush soreness and support muscle growth.
Dec 02, 2016 Blog Post:
Xtend GO – Scivation Overtakes the BCAA Energy Game
Is Scivation Xtend Go coming to market? We noticed that Scivation has a new trademark, but what doe it mean? Amino Energy? Amino RTD? Find out soon..
Oct 26, 2016 Blog Post:
Cellucor Alpha Amino: New 2016 Formula Unveiled
Cellucor Alpha Amino has upgraded its best selling amino supplement for 2016; HydroMax is gone, Betaine is IN, and the BCAAs are transparently dosed!
Sep 27, 2016 Blog Post:
Northbound Nutrition BCAA2: Heavy-Dosed Aminos for the Win
Northbound Nutrition BCAA2 is an incredibly well dosed intra workout that supplied 8g of BCAAs as well as hydration and focus-boosting agents.
Aug 29, 2016 Blog Post:
AML Pre Workout: A True Muscular Development Style Pre
Advanced Molecular Labs Pre Workout is a true beast of a pre workout that uses clinical doses of staple ergogenics powered by 400mg of pure caffeine.
Aug 16, 2016 Blog Post:
DVST8 White Cut: You Ready for Pre Workout DEVASTATION?
DVST8 White Cut is a considerable upgrade of Inspired Nutra's 2015 heavy hitter DVST8 pre workout. Now its got DMHA!
Aug 15, 2016 Blog Post:
Elemetx EliteAmine: The Post-Workout BCAAs of Canada
Elemetx EliteAmine is a naturally flavored post-workout BCAA supplement from the Canadian brand Elemetx that includes HICA and no artificial colors!
May 13, 2016 Blog Post:
The Beverage Hydration Index – Is Water the Best?
A new study has created a Beverage Hydration Index (BHI) showcasing the hydrating capability of 13 everyday fluids. Image courtesy Pixabay.
May 04, 2016 Blog Post:
Transparent Labs BCAA Glutamine Natural Aminos!
Transparent Labs BCAA+Glutamine from their Core Series is a naturally sweetened BCAA supplement that helps improve recovery and hydration.
Apr 20, 2016 Blog Post:
Symyx ELEVATE – BCAAs at Target by Scivation
Symyx Elevate is a new entry from Scivation that looks to capitalize on the growing energy amino AND RTD markets - and it's sold at Target stores!
Apr 06, 2016 Blog Post:
ENDUR3 and ENDUR3+ – Olympus Labs Amino Acid Supps!
Endur3 and Endur3+ are Olympus Labs latest BCAA / Amino Acid Supplements that are loaded, and bring some surprises. Endur3+ has carbs from Carb10 too!
Feb 25, 2016 Blog Post:
Athletic Xtreme German Creatine Loaded – Recovery Creatine
Athletic Xtreme has released a post workout formula that combines dextrose with Creapure German Creatine that enhances the body's uptake of creatine.
Feb 05, 2016 Blog Post:
Scivation Xtend Perform: BCAAs for ATHLETES!
Scivation Xtend Perform is a new BCAA Supplement for athletes - it contains PeakO2, a new ingredient that can raise VO2 levels for all kinds of gains!
Feb 02, 2016 Blog Post:
NutraBio Fighter Fuel v3 – A Combat Athlete’s Pre Workout
Fighter Fuel V3 from NutraBio is the next evolution in crafting the ideal formula to get you ready to hit the Octagon!
Jan 21, 2016 Blog Post:
Muscle Elements PreCre XS: Energy Upgraded!
Muscle Elements PreCre XS pre workout contains 419mg total caffeine in addition to yohimbine making for one seriously high stim pre workout!
Jan 18, 2016 Blog Post:
360CUT 360Amino Energize: Aminos with Natural Energy
360Amino Energize is an all natural, sugar free energy amino drink with no artificial dyes from 360CUT.
Dec 21, 2015 Blog Post:
NutraBio Intra Blast: Premium Workout Fuel Beyond BCAAs
Intra Blast is a fully loaded BCAA / EAA drink from NutraBio that not only enhances your performance but also speeds recovery. Orange Mango is great!
Dec 07, 2015 Blog Post:
Performax Labs CreMax XT – Strength & Power for Daily Gains!
CreMax XT is the brand new daily creatine supplement from Performax Labs that enhances your strength, power, and recovery all in one tasty supplement.
Dec 03, 2015 Blog Post:
Scivation Xtend Free – All Natural BCAAs
Scivation has released an all new version of Xtend, named Xtend Free, that contains no artificial sweeteners or dyes but still packs 7g of BCAAs.
Oct 22, 2015 Blog Post:
MuscleTech Amino Build Next Gen Energized: 4g BCAA, 50mg Caffeine
MuscleTech Amino Build Next Gen Energized gives the company a foothold in the growing energy amino market. 50mg caffeine, 4g BCAAs, and more!
Aug 10, 2015 Blog Post:
Muscle Elements AmiNO Flow: THE Weight Lifter’s BCAA
Muscle Elements AmiNO Flow is the first truly effective Amino-Oxide supplement that provides BCAAs and Nitric Oxide boosting ingredients.
Jul 24, 2015 Blog Post:
Banana Water: The Next Flavored Water Fad?
Banana Water: Is this the next big thing? It's similar to coconut water in terms of nutrition, but some will say it tastes WAY better! Find out here!
Jul 20, 2015 Blog Post:
Kaged Muscle Pre-Kaged: Kris Gethin’s Monster Pre Workout!
Pre-Kaged is the much anticipated pre workout from Kris Gethin and Kaged Muscle. Will it live up to expectations? The ingredients look MONSTROUS!
Jul 16, 2015 Blog Post:
PreCre: Everything RIGHT in a Pre Workout Supplement
Muscle Elements PreCre is a transparently dosed pre workout that hits all the right notes, energy, focus, endurance and carbs to give you a great workout.
May 27, 2015 Blog Post:
Cellucor Alpha Amino Extreme – Energized BCAAs
Alpha Amino Extreme is a turbocharged version of Cellucor's popular intra workout, Alpha Amino powered by 2 additional forms of caffeine.
May 12, 2015 Blog Post:
Rich Piana ALL DAY YOU MAY – The 5% Workout Enhancer
Rich Piana's ALL DAY YOU MAY is a post workout supplement that provides joint support and has a few different ingredients. But is it different ENOUGH?
Feb 18, 2015 Blog Post:
Rich Piana 5% KILL IT Pre Workout – Does it Kill?
Rich Piana's KILL IT Pre Workout Supplement from 5% Nutrition looks to have some decent energy and pumps, but there's some confusion to figure out..
Jan 17, 2015 Blog Post:
Proccor Intralyte – Pro-Grade Electrolyte Powder
Intralyte is an electrolyte supplement from Proccor that undergoes extreme amounts of testing for its chelated minerals, citric acid, and bicarbonates
Oct 01, 2014 Blog Post:
CocoProtein – MusclePharm’s Coconut Water Protein Shake
MusclePharm's new CocoProtein™ just hit the market. Get the full scoop here, and find out what all of the hype is about!
Sign up for future Electrolytes news!
Click the button below to sign up for future Electrolytes news, deals, coupons, and reviews!
Electrolytes Deals & Price Alerts
The following deals are still active:
- Dec 05, 2018: Taste Nirvana Coconut Water 23.6 Oz. dropped by 18.6% to $4.02 at Jet.com
- Dec 04, 2018: Xendurance Extreme Hydro-X 25 Servings dropped by 57.6% to $28.12 at iHerb.com
- Dec 02, 2018: Jacked Factory HYDRASURGE Electrolytes 60 Servings dropped by 20.0% to $15.99 at Amazon.com
- Nov 28, 2018: Vita Coco Coconut Water 12 Cartons (only Pure (16.9oz)) dropped by 30.4% to $26.66 at Jet.com
- Nov 08, 2018: Trace Minerals Utah Sea Minerals 16 Oz. dropped by 18.0% to $6.99 at AllStarHealth
- Nov 08, 2018: Trace Minerals Utah Sea Minerals 128 Oz. dropped by 26.2% to $35.99 at AllStarHealth
- Sep 03, 2018: Alacer Emergen-C Electro Mix 30 Packets dropped by 31.8% to $6.27 at AllStarHealth
Sign up for future Electrolytes deals and coupons!
Click the button below to sign up for future Electrolytes deals, news, and coupons!
Electrolytes Reviews & YouTube Videos
Aug 09, 2017: Gold Star Performance BCAA 2:1:1 - Cherry Bomb Review
Jul 25, 2017: MPA Supps Pharmgrade Review: Where'd the Flavor Go?
Subscribe for more Electrolytes news and alerts!
Subscribe to PricePlow on YouTube or click the button below to sign up for our latest Electrolytes news and reviews!