- Muscle Relaxation: Magnesium exerts a relaxant effect on muscles by inhibiting calcium influx and smooth muscle contraction.
- Bone Formation: Magnesium is essential for bone matrix formation and helps maintain bone strength. Magnesium deficiency can result in low calcium and cause vitamin D abnormalities.
- Cardiovascular Function: Magnesium may play an important role in regulating blood pressure and cardiac rhythm and assisting cardiac muscle function.
- Blood Sugar Metabolism: Magnesium is involved in glucose metabolism and insulin action. More than 30% of diabetics are low in magnesium. Low levels have been linked to insulin resistance and abnormal glucose tolerance.